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Use: actions or facts completed in the past. Finished time.
1. VERB-ed or VERB-d
draft ► drafted
argue ► argued
2. Some verbs add or change endings:
map ► mapped
try ► tried
3. Some verbs are irregular:
drive ► drove
make ► made
sleep ► slept
4. We use did + SUBJECT + VERB for questions:
Did you book a hotel room yet?
Did Mr. Gupta approve the request?
Negative Form: didn't/did not + VERB
No. I didn't book a hotel yet.
She didn't make reservations for Saturday night.
He drove for three hours to work everyday for thirty years. (past action)
Although she stopped singing around the age of ten, she is a pop idol now because of her dancing. (She used to sing.)
Use: actions that were happening at a certain time in the past when something else happened.
Form: past BE verb (was, were) + VERB-ing
She was baking a pie when I left this morning.
She was writing the letter while watching the game. (was happening at the same time)
They were driving to the game when the accident happened. (was happening before)
Negative Form: was/were not VERB-ing
I was not wearing pajamas when the police came. I was wearing comfortable clothes.
Use: actions and facts true before another event in the past.
1. had VERB-ed or VERB-d
draft ► had drafted
argue ► had argued
2. Some verbs are irregular:
drive ► had driven
make ► had made
sleep ► had slept
He had driven 120 miles when he realized that he forgot his medication. (He had driven before he forgot.)
Negative Form: had not + VERB
They had not practiced together when they won first place. (They had not practiced before they won.)
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142 Reading-Writing IV (Cody)
Exercise 1 - Past Tenses
Use the simple past and past continuous
forms of the verbs.
Exercise 2 - Perfect and Past Tenses
Use the simple past, present perfect, and past
perfect forms of the verbs.
Exercise 3 - Perfect and Continuous Forms
Use the past perfect and
perfect continuous/progressive forms of the verbs.
past perfect continuous:
had been writing
Exercise 4 - Conjunctions
Use the correct conjunction: for, and,
nor, but, or, yet,
Exercise 5 - Transitions
Use one of the connectors to
complete the sentences. Capitalize when needed.on the other hand
on the one hand
Exercise 6 - Adjective Clauses
Write the other sentence as an adjective clause. Insert commas when needed.