Simple Present

Use: actions and facts that are true now or happen regularly.

SINGULAR
BE form:
is, am
Examples:
Alice is early.
I am John McCormick. OR  I'm John McCormick.

Action form:
VERB -s, -es, -ies
Examples:
Jack leaves work at six every weekday.
Jack possesses the needed skills.
Jack studies Japanese everyday.

Negative BE form:
is not, am not
Examples:
Alice is not late. OR  Alice isn't late.
I am not John McCormick. OR  I'm not John McCormick.

Negative actions form:
does not VERB
Examples:
Kazue does not leave work at six. He leaves at seven.  OR  Kazue doesn't leave work at six. He leaves at seven.

PLURAL
BE form:
are
Examples:
We are early. OR  We're early.
You are John McCormick, aren't you? OR  You're John McCormick, aren't you?

Action form:
no change
Examples:
Sally and Bill study in the library on Wednesdays.
You tell the funniest jokes.

Negative BE form:
are not
Examples:
We are not late. OR  We're not late. OR  We aren't late.
You are not John McCormick! OR  You're not John McCormick! OR  You aren't John McCormick.

Negative actions form:
do not VERB
Examples:
Sally and Bill do not study in the library. OR  Sally and Bill don't study in the library.
I do not study at home. OR  I don't study at home.
You do not tell good jokes. OR  You don't tell good jokes.

Question Forms:
Are you John McCormick?         NEGATIVE: Aren't you John McCormick?
Is she old enough for this ride?   NEGATIVE: Isn't she old enough for this ride?
Am I invited?                               NEGATIVE: I'm not invited?       NOTE: You may hear "Aren't I invited?" This is slang.
Does Mary need new shoes?    NEGATIVE: Doesn't Mary need shoes?
Do Sara and Mark get along?   NEGATIVE: Don't Sara and Mark get along?

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